Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is an allergic lung disorder that often mimics pneumonia and is characterized by asthma, airway and lung inflammation with eosinophils (a type of white blood cell), and increased numbers of eosinophils in the blood. which occurs only in a minority of people with asthma, is characterized by wheezing, low-grade fever, and coughing up of brown-flecked masses or mucus plugs. Skin testing, blood tests, X-rays, and examination of the sputum for fungi can help establish the diagnosis. Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, eosinophilia, elevated serum IgE and immediate type skin reactivity to aspergillus antigen. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is seldom considered life-threatening. Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis of fumigatus is responsible for a spectrum of lung diseases commonly grouped under the heading of aspergilloses .
The first adult with Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis in the United States was described in 1968 , and the first childhood case was reported in 1970 . Since then, the increasing recognition of ABPA in children , adults, corticosteroid-dependent asthmatic patients, patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and patients with allergic fungal sinusitis is probably the result of the increasing awareness by physicians of this complication of asthma or CF. Diagnosis has been helped by serologic aids such as total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) , serum IgE, IgG antibodies to A. fumigatus, precipitating antibodies, and familiarity with chest radiography and high-resolution computed tomography (CT) findings. Some atypical patients seemingly have no documented history of asthma and present with chest roentgenographic infiltrates and peripheral blood eosinophilia
Cause of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis<
Here are the list of some of the causes of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis:
Symptoms of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis
Some commonly occuring symptoms are follows :
Diagnosis of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis
The criteria used for diagnosis of classic Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis consist of five essential criteria and other criteria that may or may not be present, depending on the classification and stage of disease. The minimal essential criteria are
(a) asthma, even cough variant asthma or exercise-induced asthma;
Treatment of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis
Although the exact pathogenesis of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis is unknown, oral corticosteroids have been demonstrated to reduce the clinical symptoms, incidence of positive sputum cultures, and roentgenographic infiltrates. Oral corticosteroids may be effective by decreasing sputum volume, by making the bronchi a less suitable culture media for Aspergillus species, and by inhibiting many of the Aspergillus -pulmonary immune system interactions. Some importent treatment of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis:
Disclaimer : All information on www.healthatoz.info is for educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, please consult your doctor.