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Spurious Polycythemia

Spurious polycythemia is characterized by increased hematocrit. This disease is also known as relative polycythemia, stress erythrocytosis, stress polycythemia, benign polycythemia. Less commonly, he may develop diaphoresis, dyspnea, and claudication.

Main causes of spurious polycythemia dehydration, hemoconcentration due to stress and high normal RBC mass and low normal plasma volume.

Other factors that may be associated with spurious polycythemia include hypertension, thromboembolic disease, pregnancy, elevated serum cholesterol and uric acid levels, and familial tendency.

Spurious polycythemia usually has no specific symptoms but may have vague complaints, such as headaches, dizziness, and fatigue. It results from decreasing plasma volume and subsequent hemoconcentration. Gaisböck's syndrome, and pseudopolycythemia.

Causes of Spurious Polycythemia

Common causes of Spurious Polycythemia

  • Dehydration.
  • Hemoconcentration due to stress.
  • High normal RBC mass and low normal plasma volume.

Symptoms of Spurious Polycythemia

Common Symptoms of Spurious Polycythemia

  • Headaches.
  • Dizziness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Dyspnea
  • Claudication.

Treatment of Spurious Polycythemia

Common Treatment of Spurious Polycythemia

  • Prevent life-threatening thromboembolism and to correct dehydration.
  • Rehydration with appropriate fluids and electrolytes is the primary therapy for spurious polycythemia secondary to dehydration.
  • Therapy must also include appropriate measures to prevent continuing fluid loss.






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