Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas that, along with insulin, controls the level of glucose in the blood. Glucagon is used to raise very low blood sugar. Glucagon is a glucose-elevating drug. Other glucose-elevating drugs are glucose itself and diazoxide (Proglycem). In diabetic patients, low blood glucose may occur from an unintended excess of injected insulin or oral glucose-lowering medication, such as a sulfonylurea like glipizide, that are being used to treat the diabetes. Glucagon is also used in diagnostic testing of the stomach and other digestive organs. It comes as a powder and liquid that will need to be mixed just before administering the dose. Instructions for mixing and giving the injection are in the package. Glucagon should be administered as soon as possible after discovering that the patient is unconscious from low blood sugar. After the injection, the patient should be turned onto the side to prevent choking if they vomit.
Side Effects of Glucagon
Some common side effects reported with this medicine include:
Warnings and precautions before taking Glucagon
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