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Anal Warts - Symptoms and Treatment

Anal warts are external symptoms of infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Warts are benign tumors of the epidermis. HPV is a very common virus, and it is likely that you will probably be exposed to one more strains of it during your lifetime. However, not everyone who is exposed develops an infection, and many people who are infected don't develop symptoms. HPV can cause warts on the face, hands, feet, genitals, anus, or cervix, and other areas of the skin. Different strains of HPV tend to infect different parts of the body. The strains that cause common warts, flat warts, or plantar warts are not the same strains that cause the transmitted genital warts. Most strains of HPV cause harmless warts that eventually disappear by themselves. The most common complications of warts include itching and occasional bleeding. In rare cases, warts may become infected with bacteria or fungi. HPV infection of the cervix is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer. A few strains of HPV cause a type of infection that can eventually lead to cervical cancer. More than 90% of cervical cancer cases are thought to be caused by HPV infection with these specific strains. Some HPV types cause flat endocervical or anal lesions that are precancerous. Diagnosis is clinical. Multiple treatments exist, but few are highly effective. Genital warts may resolve without treatment in immunocompetent patients but may persist and spread in patients with decreased cell-mediated immunity (eg, HIV infection). Certain HPV types are transmitted and can cause anogenital warts after an incubation period of 1 to 6 mo. Some types sually cause flat endocervical or anal warts that are difficult to see and diagnose clinically but increase the risk of cervical, anorectal, and bladder cancers and bowenoid papulosis of the skin.

Anal warts, also known as condyloma, are growths found on the skin around the anus (rectal opening), in the anal canal, or in the lower rectum. Anal warts, also known as condyloma acuminata, are small warts that can occur in the rectum. Most individuals who have anal warts have between 1 to 10 of them. Anal warts first appear as tiny blemishes. They can be as small as the head of a pin but they can grow larger than the size of a pea. Usually, anal warts do not cause pain or discomfort. Sometimes, patients may be unaware that the warts are present. Anal warts are also called "condyloma acuminata". Warts first appear as tiny blemishes, perhaps as small as the head of a pin and may grow larger than the size of a pea. They don't produce pain,so patient may be unaware of the disease. They may also affect the skin of the genital area. They are usually transmitted from person to person by direct skin contact. It can affect both men and women.

Causes of Anal Warts

Common Causes of Anal Warts :-

  • They can be transmitted that infect the anal and genital areas. They usually spread from person to person by contact.
  • Anal warts are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) . The HPV is very contagious. The virus can be transmitted from person to person, almost always by direct contact.
  • Some risk factors for developing anal warts are smoking ,use of oral contraceptives , having multiple partners etc.

Symptoms of Anal Warts

Some common Symptoms of Anal Warts :-

  • Very itchy.
  • Minor bleeding.
  • Whitish or skin colored.
  • Clusters.
  • Bumps or growths.

Treatment of Anal Warts

  • Anal warts can be treated, depending on the factors such as location , number , and size of the warts.
  • This may also be a good option but generally not prescribed.
  • When the warts are more extensive , a general anaesthetic or alternatively deep sedation given by an injection followed by a local anaesthetic into the anal area to make the treatment free from pain.
  • Medication should be as prescribed by the doctor because reaction may damage normal skin in the vicinity.
  • For larger warts another form of treatment is used in which warts are rapidly destructed using surgery.









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