Melasma - Symptoms and Treatment
Melasma is a dark skin discoloration found on sun-exposed areas of the face. Although it can affect anyone, melasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications. Melasma appears as a blotchy, brownish pigmentation on the face that develops slowly and fades with time. Chloasma usually affects women but occasionally is seen in young men who use after-shave lotions, scented soaps, and other toiletries. The disorder is most common in sunny climates and in people of Latin or Asian origin. Melasma is more apparent during and after periods of sun exposure and less obvoius in winter months, when sun exposure is lacking.
Melasma is a peculiar disorder of the skin. Different types of melasma occur depending on the location of the excess melanin, in the epidermis or the dermis. Melasma is thought to be caused by elevated levels of estrogen, progesterone, and melanocyte-stimulating hormone (a hormone that causes melanin cells to make more melanin). Although this condition is typically termed the 'pregnancy mask', men can also develop this condition. If you have melasma, use a sunscreen at all times because sunlight worsens your condition.
Causes of Melasma
Common Causes of Melasma :
Symptoms of Melasma
Some common Symptoms of Melasma :
Treatment of Melasma
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