Acute Coronary Syndrome
The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the development of chest pain of cardiac nature, often but not exclusively associated with an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG). It is the most common presentation of myocardial infarction (heart attack), and investigations are aimed at confirming this pathology Most patients who have ST-segment elevation will ultimately develop a Q-wave acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). These life-threatening disorders are a major cause of emergency medical care and hospitalization in the United States.
Chest pain is one of the most frequent reasons for emergency department visits. Algorithms have been developed to aid in determining the likelihood that a patient has an acute coronary syndrome, and for those patients that do have an acute coronary syndrome, the risk of death or death and ischemic events.
Many hospitals have developed chest pain observation units to provide a systematic approach toward serial risk stratification to improve the triage process. In many cases those who have not experienced new chest pain and have no electrocardiographic changes or cardiac enzyme elevations undergo treadmill exercise tests or imaging procedures to exclude ischemia at the end of an 8- to 24-hour period and are discharged directly from the emergency department if these tests are negative. Differentiating acute coronary syndrome from noncardiac chest pain is the primary diagnostic challenge Patients with often present in a similar manner. The distinction between non-STEMI and unstable angina is based on the presence or absence of a rise in cardiac enzymes or troponin. Unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction are very common manifestations of this disease.
Cause of A cute coronary syndrome
Some Cause of Acute coronary syndrome
Symptons of A cute coronary syndrome
Some sign and Symptons related Acute coronary syndrome:
Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome
Treatment of acute coronary syndromes without ST elevation should be multifaceted and vigorous. Patients who are at high risk should be hospitalized, maintained at bed rest or at very limited activity, monitored, and given supplemental oxygen. Sedation with a benzodiazepine agent may help if anxiety is present. Most Treatment related to Acute coronary syndrome:
ACS can lead to heart attack. Administration of CPR during a heart attack can reduce the chance of serious brain damage or death. We recommend that all medical professionals get their CPR certification.
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