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Measles is virus infection which was one of the most common diseases of modern man, but is now being eradicated by immunisation. A generalized immunosuppression that follows acute measles frequently predisposes patients to bacterial otitis media and bronchopneumonia. Kids ages 5 to 9 were primarily affected, and many cases of congenital rubella occurred as well. Most rubella infections today appear in young, non-immunized adults rather than children Unsubstantiated claims that suggest an association between measles vaccine and autism have led to reduced vaccine use and a recent resurgence of measles in countries where immunization rates have fallen to below the level needed to maintain herd immunity

Measles begins with a slight feverishness, cold in the head, running of the eyes, and dry cough. On the fourth day from the onset of the malady a rash appears ao the body. It is noticed first on the face and the neck. After five days of rash when the fever continues to haunt the patient, Measles starts peeling off. It is caused by the rubella virus ( not the same virus that causes measles), which is usually transmitted by droplets from the nose or throat that others breathe in. It can also pass through a pregnant woman's bloodstream to infect her unborn child. In children, rubella infection is much like a mild case of rubeola. But in adults and teenagers, it can be more severe. It is predominantly a disease of childhood, causing fever and rash and leading to a very ill child.

Measles is a contagious viral infection which means it is a disease which spreads from person to person. It is like flu or a communicable disease which is spreading very frequently in babies. It is also known as red measles or rubeola. Measles , also known as rubeol a , is a disease caused by a virus , specifically a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus It causes a total-body skin rash and flu-like symptoms, including a fever, cough, and runny nose

In Measles, the patient feels drowsy and confused and is very touchy. Diarrhoea sometimes appears but, generally, nine days after the onset of the disease, the patient is well, the temperature goes down to normal and the appearence of the body back to its original condition. Children who have had measles cannot return to school or childcare before they recover and the temperature is gone.

More on symptomps of Measles:

Measles begins with a slight feverishness, cold in the head, running of the eyes, and dry cough. In measles, the baby's feel cold, eyes become red and gets dry cough. The average temperature rise up to 105 degrees and rashes last at least for five days and then these rashes leaves marks on the body which took months or at least one year to fade away. The symptoms of measles in babies are:-

  • The rash usually starts on your head. Over the next 3 days, the rash spreads to cover your entire body.
  • A rundown feeling
  • Often you may develop grayish spots, called Koplik spots, on the inside of your mouth just before the rash appears.
  • redness and irritation of the eyes
  • The first stage begins with a runny nose, cough, and a slight fever.
  • small red spots with white centers appear on the inside of the cheek (usually occur two days before the rash on the skin appears)
  • Tiny red spots with bluish-white centers on the inner lining of the cheek, called Koplik's spots
  • A rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another

What are the causes of Measles?

Measles virus, the cause of measles, is classified as a Morbillivirus. It is mostly seen in the winter and spring. Rubeola is preventable by proper immunization with the measles vaccine. This disease can also occur when any person having an infection coughs or sneezes and in this way also the new born babies get infection and it results into measles. Here are the list of the possible cause of Measles :

  • The measles virus is contagious, which means the infection can be spread from person to person. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the very small droplets of water that person expels carry the virus within them.
  • Occasionally, the virus spreads through the air and not by droplets.
  • The infected droplets may also land on a surface where they remain active and contagious for several hours.
  • It is mostly seen in the winter and spring. Rubeola is preventable by proper immunization with the measles vaccine.
  • The infection then spreads throughout the body, including the respiratory system and the skin.

Treatment for Rubeola / Measles:

Specific treatment for measles, rubeola will be determined by your physician based on:

  • Maintain fluid intake so dehydration doesn't occur
  • Provide nutritional support if necessary
  • Feeds must be coaxed in as the irritable child may refuse to
    eat or drink.
  • Give paracetamol for fever
  • An antibiotic may be prescribed if cough is severe and chest
    problems threaten.
  • The health-care provider can confirm the diagnosis and provide home-care instructions to relieve the discomfort of the symptoms.


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